CloudMoV: Cloud-based Mobile Social TV

CloudMoV: Cloud-based Mobile Social TV

ABSTRACT:

The rapidly increasing power of personal mobile devices (smart phones, tablets, etc.) is providing much richer contents and social interactions to users on the move. This trend however is throttled by the limited battery lifetime of mobile devices and unstable wireless connectivity, making the highest possible quality of service experienced by mobile users not feasible. The recent cloud computing technology, with its rich resources to compensate for the limitations of mobile devices and connections, can potentially provide an ideal platform to support the desired mobile services. Tough challenges arise on how to effectively exploit cloud resources to facilitate mobile services, especially those with stringent interaction delay requirements. In this paper, we propose the design of a Cloud-based, novel Mobile social TV system (CloudMoV). The system effectively utilizes both PaaS (Platform-as-a-Service) and IaaS (Infrastructure-as-a- Service) cloud services to offer the living-room experience of video watching to a group of disparate mobile users who can interact socially while sharing the video. To guarantee good streaming quality as experienced by the mobile users with time varying wireless connectivity, we employ a surrogate for each user in the IaaS cloud for video downloading and social exchanges on behalf of the user. The surrogate performs efficient stream transcoding that matches the current connectivity quality of the mobile user. Given the battery life as a key performance bottleneck, we advocate the use of burst transmission from the surrogates to the mobile users, and carefully decide the burst size which can lead to high energy efficiency and streaming quality. Social interactions among the users, in terms of spontaneous textual exchanges, are effectively achieved by efficient designs of data storage with Big Table and dynamic handling of large volumes of concurrent messages in a typical PaaS cloud. These various designs for flexible transcoding capabilities, battery efficiency of mobile devices and spontaneous social interactivity together provide an ideal platform for mobile social TV services. We have implemented CloudMoV on Amazon EC2 and Google App Engine and verified its superior performance based on real world experiments.

EXISTING SYSTEM:

A number of mobile TV systems have sprung up in recent years, driven by both hardware and software advances in mobile devices. Some early systems bring the living room experience to small screens on the move. But they focus more on barrier clearance in order to realize the convergence of the television network and the mobile network, than exploring the demand of “social” interactions among mobile users.

DISADVANTAGES OF EXISTING SYSTEM:

Although many mobile social or media applications have emerged, truly killer ones gaining mass acceptance are still impeded by the limitations of the current mobile and wireless technologies, among which battery lifetime and unstable connection bandwidth are the most difficult ones.

PROPOSED SYSTEM:

We propose the design of a Cloud-based, novel Mobile social TV system. The system effectively utilizes both PaaS (Platform-as-a-Service) and IaaS (Infrastructure-as-a- Service) cloud services to offer the living-room experience of video watching to a group of disparate mobile users who can interact socially while sharing the video. To guarantee good streaming quality as experienced by the mobile users with time varying wireless connectivity, we employ a surrogate for each user in the IaaS cloud for video downloading and social exchanges on behalf of the user.

ADVANTAGES OF PROPOSED SYSTEM:

  • Ø Encoding flexibility: Different mobile devices have differently sized displays, customized playback hardware’s, and various codec’s. Traditional solutions would adopt a few encoding formats ahead of the release of a video program. But even the most generous content providers would not be able to attend to all possible mobile platforms, if not only to the current hottest models. CloudMoV customizes the streams for different devices at real time, by offloading the transcoding tasks to an IaaS cloud.
  • Ø Battery efficiency: The burst transmission mechanism makes careful decisions on burst sizes and opportunistic transitions among high/low power consumption modes at the devices, in order to effectively increase the battery lifetime.
  • Ø Spontaneous social interactivity:  Multiple mechanisms are included in the design of CloudMoV to enable spontaneous social, co-viewing experience.
  • Ø Portability: A prototype CloudMov system is implemented following the philosophy of “Write Once, Run Anywhere” (WORA): both the front-end mobile modules and the backend server modules are platforms implemented in “100% Pure Java” Our prototype can be readily migrated to various cloud and mobile with little effort.

MODULE DESCRIPTION:

  1. Transcoder
  2. Social Cloud
  3. Messenger
  4. Gateway
  5. Subscribe

 

Transcoder

It resides in each surrogate, and is responsible for dynamically deciding how to encode the video stream from the video source in the appropriate format, dimension, and bit rate. Before delivery to the user, the video stream is further encapsulated into a proper transport stream. Each video is exported as MPEG-2 transport streams, which is the de facto standard nowadays to deliver digital video and audio streams over lossy medium

 

Social Cloud

Social network is a dynamic virtual organization with inherent trust relationships between friends. This dynamic virtual organization can be created since these social networks reflect real world relationships. It allows users to interact, form connections and share information with one another.  This trust can be used as a foundation for information, hardware and services sharing in a Social Cloud.

 

Messenger

It is the client side of the social cloud, residing in each surrogate in the IaaS cloud. The Messenger periodically queries the social cloud for the social data on behalf of the mobile user and pre-processes the data into a light-weighted format (plain text files), at a much lower frequency. The plain text files are asynchronously delivered from the surrogate to the user in a traffic-friendly manner, i.e., little traffic is incurred. In the reverse direction, the messenger disseminates this user’s messages (invitations and chat messages) to other users via the data store of the social cloud.

 

Gateway

 The gateway provides authentication services for users to log in to the CloudMoV system, and stores users’ credentials in a permanent table of a MySQL database it has installed. It also stores information of the pool of currently available VMs in the IaaS cloud in another in-memory table. After a user successfully logs in to the system, a VM surrogate will be assigned from the pool to the user. The in-memory table is used to guarantee small query latencies, since the VM pool is updated frequently as the gateway reserves and destroys VM instances according to the current workload. In addition, the gateway also stores each user’s friend list in a plain text file (in XML formats), which is immediately uploaded to the surrogate after it is assigned to the user.

 

Subscribe

In this module user can download the video. Subscribe module download video in high speed and clear video streaming. Authorized user every one download and watch the videos.

SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE:

SYSTEM CONFIGURATION:-

HARDWARE CONFIGURATION:-

ü Processor             -        Pentium –IV

ü Speed                             -        1.1 Ghz

ü RAM                    -        256 MB(min)

ü Hard Disk            -        20 GB

ü Key Board            -        Standard Windows Keyboard

ü Mouse                  -        Two or Three Button Mouse

ü Monitor                -        SVGA

 

SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION:-

ü Operating System                    : Windows XP

ü Programming Language           : JAVA/J2EE.

ü Java Version                           : JDK 1.6 & above.

ü Database                                 : MYSQL

 

REFERENCE:

Yu Wu, Zhizhong Zhang, Chuan Wu, Zongpeng Li, Francis C.M.“ CloudMoV: Cloud-based Mobile Social TV”, IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, 2013.

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