Combining Left and Right Palmprint Images for More Accurate Personal Identification

  • November 19, 2015
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Combining Left and Right Palmprint Images for More Accurate Personal Identification

ABSTRACT:

Multibiometrics can provide higher identification accuracy than single biometrics, so it is more suitable for some real-world personal identification applications that need high-standard security. Among various biometrics technologies, palmprint identification has received much attention because of its good performance. Combining the left and right palmprint images to perform multibiometrics is easy to implement and can obtain better results. However, previous studies did not explore this issue in depth. In this paper, we proposed a novel framework to perform multibiometrics by comprehensively combining the left and right palmprint images. This framework integrated three kinds of scores generated from the left and right palmprint images to perform matching score-level fusion. The first two kinds of scores were, respectively, generated from the left and right palmprint images and can be obtained by any palmprint identification method, whereas the third kind of score was obtained using a specialized algorithm proposed in this paper. As the proposed algorithm carefully takes the nature of the left and right palmprint images into account, it can properly exploit the similarity of the left and right palmprints of the same subject. Moreover, the proposed weighted fusion scheme allowed perfect identification performance to be obtained in comparison with previous palmprint identification methods.

EXISTING SYSTEM:

  • PALMPRINT identification is an important personal iden-tification technology and it has attracted much attention. The palmprint contains not only principle curves and wrinkles but also rich texture and miniscule points, so the palmprint identification is able to achieve a high accuracy because of available rich information in palmprint .
  • Various palmprint identification methods, such as coding based methods and principle curve methods have been proposed in past decades. In recent years, 2D appearance based methods such as 2D Principal Component Analysis (2DPCA) , 2D Linear Discriminant Analysis (2DLDA) , and 2D Locality Preserving Projection (2DLPP) have also been used for palmprint recognition.

DISADVANTAGES OF EXISTING SYSTEM:

  • No single biometric technique can meet all requirements in circumstances .
  • The limitation of the existing system is unimodal biometric technique and have less perfomance.
  • Processing time is high.

PROPOSED SYSTEM:

  • In this paper, we propose a novel framework of combining the left with right palmprint at the matching score level. Fig. 1 shows the procedure of the proposed framework. In the framework, three types of matching scores, which are respectively obtained by the left palmprint matching, right palmprint matching and crossing matching between the left query and right training palmprint, are fused to make the final decision.
  • The framework not only combines the left and right palmprint images for identification, but also properly exploits the similarity between the left and right palmprint of the same subject. Extensive experiments show that the proposed framework can integrate most conventional palmprint identification methods for per-forming identification and can achieve higher accuracy than conventional methods.

This work has the following notable contributions.:

  • First, it for the first time shows that the left and right palmprint of the same subject are somewhat correlated, and it demonstrates the feasibility of exploiting the crossing matching score of the left and right palmprint for improving the accuracy of identity identification.
  • Second, it proposes an elaborated framework to integrate the left palmprint, right palmprint, and crossing matching of the left and right palmprint for identity identification. Third, it conducts extensive experiments on both touch-based and contactless palmprint databases to verify the proposed framework.

ADVANTAGES OF PROPOSED SYSTEM:

  • The left and right palmprint images of the same subject are somewhat similar. The use of this kind of similarity for the performance improvement of palm-print identification.
  • Very high accuracy.

SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE:

5.1

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

5.2

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS:

HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS:

  • System : Pentium IV 2.4 GHz.
  • Hard Disk : 40 GB.
  • Floppy Drive : 44 Mb.
  • Monitor : 15 VGA Colour.
  • Mouse :
  • Ram : 512 Mb.

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS:

  • Operating system : Windows XP/7.
  • Coding Language : MATLAB
  • Tool : MATLAB R2013A

REFERENCE:

Yong Xu, Member, IEEE, Lunke Fei, and David Zhang, Fellow, IEEE, “Combining Left and Right Palmprint Images for More Accurate Personal Identification”, IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING, VOL. 24, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2015.