Dynamic Resource Allocation for MapReduce with Partitioning Skew

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Dynamic Resource Allocation for MapReduce with Partitioning Skew

ABSTRACT:

MapReduce has become a prevalent programming model for building data processing applications in the cloud. While being widely used, existing MapReduce schedulers still suffer from an issue known as partitioning skew, where the output of map tasks is unevenly distributed among reduce tasks. Existing solutions follow a similar principle that repartitions workload among reduce tasks. However, those approaches often incur high performance overhead due to the partition size prediction and repartitioning. In this paper, we present DREAMS, a framework that provides run-time partitioning skew mitigation. Instead of repartitioning workload among reduce tasks, we cope with the partitioning skew problem by controlling the amount of resources allocated to each reduce task. Our approach completely eliminates the repartitioning overhead, yet is simple to implement. Experiments using both real and synthetic workloads running on a 21-node Hadoop cluster demonstrate that DREAMS can effectively mitigate the negative impact of partitioning skew, thereby improving the job completion time by up to a factor of 2:29 over the native Hadoop YARN. Compared to the state-of-the-art solution, DREAMS can improve the job completion time by a factor of 1:65.

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