Flood Sensing Framework by Arduino and Wireless Sensor Network in Rural-Rwanda

  • February 5, 2016
  • Blog
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BASE PAPER TITLE:

Flood Sensing Framework by Arduino and Wireless Sensor Network in Rural-Rwanda

OUR PROPOSED TITLE:

DEBRIS AND EUTROPHICATION CONTROL FOR INDUSTRIAL ENVIRONMENTAL MONITER IN PAN TO CONTROL SHUT THE INDUSTRIES

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ABSTRACT

Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change.Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants. Wind-blown dust and debris, including plastic bags, are blown seaward from landfills and other areas. Discarded plastic bags and other forms of plastic waste which finish up in the ocean present dangers to wildlife and fisheries

PROPOSED SYSTEM:

All processing industries generate waste. The quantities generated and their potential impacts depend on many factors, including the level of industrial development, the way in which wastes are managed, the existing state of the local environment and the capacity of the receiving media. The gases & fumes generated in the system are effectively controlled by the Pollution control Equipment’s. The amount of Lead content emitted with these gases is being collected at every stage of pollution control equipment.

In manydeveloping countries the bulk of domestic and industrial Co2 is emitted.  To care our environment and thus by our health we should keep our environment.The traditional method of water quality testing is to collect samples manually and then send them to laboratory for analysis. However, it has been unable to meet the demands of water quality monitoring today. For that we need to appoint staffs to follow the industrial activities and also that not good method due to the absence of reliability.

Working

In our system each and every individual water meter is been grouped by an individual network called Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN). A group of industries are monitored, so we go for networking. If any abnormal occurs, the server unit will send the SMS to the authorized person. The system consists of multiple sensors of water quality testing, single-chip microcontroller data acquisition module, information transmission module, monitoring center and other accessories. Various parameters of water quality, air quality and soil quality are automatically detected under the control of single chip microcontroller all day. The single chip gets the data, and then processes and analyzes them. It is convenient for management to take corresponding measures timely and be able to detect real-time situation of quality remotely. The system has realized the automation of quality monitoring, intelligence of data analyzing and networking of information transferring. It is characterized by advantages of shortcut, accuracy and using manpower and material resources sparingly.

What is Ph?

In chemistry, pH is a numeric scale used to specify the acidity or alkalinity of an aqueous solution. It is the negative of the logarithm to base 10 of the activity of the hydrogen ion. Solutions with a pH less than 7 are acidic and solutions with a pH greater than 7 are alkaline or basic.

Software Libraries Used:

  • PIC18F Device Driver Library.
  • Sensors: ADC device drivers.
  • IEEE 802.15.4 Wireless Protocol Stack.
  • MRF24J40MA Microchip Wireless MiWi via SPIC protocol.

Software Tools Used:                   

  • Programming Language : Embedded C
  • Development Tool :         MPLAB IDE 8.56v
  • Compiler :         C18

Embedded Protocols Used:

  • I2C – (Inter integrated circuit ) Serial communication Protocol
  • SPI – (Serial peripheral interface) : Protocol
  • UART – (Universal Asynchronous Receiver &Transmitter) : Protocol

Hardware used:

  • Microcontroller : PIC 18f45j11.
  • MiWi Module :  Wireless Transceiver.
  • Digital Display : 20X4LCD.
  • Proximity Sensor : To Detect plastic.
  • MQ2 / MQ7 : To find Co2.
  • Ph Electrodes :To find fertilizers.
  • Battery :Battery 12V, 1.2 Amps.
  • I/O Expander : PCF8574AP.
  • GSM Modem : SIM 300 / SIM900.

Debris:scattered pieces of rubbish or remains

Eutrophication:Excessive richness of nutrients in a lake or other body of water, frequently due to run-off from the land, which causes a dense growth of plant life

DEBRIS AND EUTROPHICATION CONTROL FOR INDUSTRIAL ENVIRONMENTAL MONITER IN PAN TO CONTROL SHUT THE INDUSTRIES

Block Diagram

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