Vampire Attacks: Draining Life from Wireless Ad Hoc Sensor Networks

Vampire Attacks: Draining Life from Wireless Ad Hoc Sensor Networks

ABSTRACT:

Ad hoc low-power wireless networks are an exciting research direction in sensing and pervasive computing. Prior security work in this area has focused primarily on denial of communication at the routing or medium access control levels. This paper explores resource depletion attacks at the routing protocol layer, which permanently disable networks by quickly draining nodes’ battery power. These “Vampire” attacks are not specific to any specific protocol, but rather rely on the properties of many popular classes of routing protocols. We find that all examined protocols are susceptible to Vampire attacks, which are devastating, difficult to detect, and are easy to carry out using as few as one malicious insider sending only protocol-compliant messages. In the worst case, a single Vampire can increase network-wide energy usage by a factor of O (N), where N in the number of network nodes. We discuss methods to mitigate these types of attacks, including a new proof-of-concept protocol that provably bounds the damage caused by Vampires during the packet forwarding phase.

 

EXISTING SYSTEM:

Existing work on secure routing attempts to ensure that adversaries cannot cause path discovery to return an invalid network path, but Vampires do not disrupt or alter discovered paths, instead using existing valid network paths and protocol compliant messages. Protocols that maximize power efficiency are also inappropriate, since they rely on cooperative node behavior and cannot optimize out malicious action.

DISADVANTAGES OF EXISTING SYSTEM:

ü Power outages

ü Due to Environmental disasters, loss in the information

ü Lost productivity

ü Various DOS attacks

ü Secure level is low

ü They do not address attacks that affect long-term availability.

PROPOSED SYSTEM:

This paper makes three primary contributions. First, we thoroughly evaluate the vulnerabilities of existing protocols to routing layer battery depletion attacks. We observe that security measures to prevent Vampire attacks are orthogonal to those used to protect routing infrastructure, and so existing secure routing protocols such as Ariadne, SAODV and SEAD do not protect against Vampire attacks. Existing work on secure routing attempts to ensure that adversaries cannot cause path discovery to return an invalid network path, but Vampires do not disrupt or alter discovered paths, instead using existing valid network paths and protocol-compliant messages. Protocols that maximize power efficiency are also inappropriate, since they rely on cooperative node behavior and cannot optimize out malicious action. Second, we show simulation results quantifying the performance of several representative protocols in the presence of a single Vampire (insider adversary). Third, we modify an existing sensor network routing protocol to provably bound the damage from Vampire attacks during packet forwarding.

 In proposed system we show simulation results quantifying the performance of several representative protocols in the presence of a single Vampire. Then, we modify an existing sensor network routing protocol to provably bound the damage from Vampire attacks during packet forwarding.

ADVANTAGES OF PROPOSED SYSTEM:

ü Protect from the vampire attacks

ü Secure level is high

ü Boost up the Battery power

SYSTEM CONFIGURATION:-

HARDWARE CONFIGURATION:-

ü Processor             –        Pentium –IV

ü Speed                             –        1.1 Ghz

ü RAM                    –        256 MB(min)

ü Hard Disk            –        20 GB

ü Key Board            –        Standard Windows Keyboard

ü Mouse                  –        Two or Three Button Mouse

ü Monitor                –        SVGA

 

SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION:-

ü Operating System                    : Windows XP

ü Programming Language           : JAVA

ü Java Version                           : JDK 1.6 & above.

ü Database                                 : MYSQL

 

REFERENCE:

Eugene Y. Vasserman and Nicholas Hopper “Vampire Attacks: Draining Life from

Wireless Ad Hoc Sensor Networks”- IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MOBILE COMPUTING, VOL. 12, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2013.

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